Showing posts with the label oral medicine and radiology


  AGE ESTIMATION  INTRODUCTION : Radiology plays an important role in human age determination Dental radiography is a non-destruction and simple technique used daily in dental practice  Age estimation in children can be based on radiographic analysis of developmental stages of dental elements since: Strong genetic control More reliable in predicting chronological age than other osteological indicators NEED FOR IDENTIFICATION: A competent forensic death investigation of human remains has 4 goals : Determination of the means Manner Cause of death Identification of the remains METHODS: DEMIRJIANS METHOD: To assess the developmental stages of third molars from the mandible . Eight stages (A-H) Plus 0 - absence  CONCLUSION : Teeth represent useful material for age estimation  Development of each individual can be effected by : Genetic  Nutritional Climatic  Hormonal Environmental  It has been reported that dental mineralisation is less affected by external factors when compared to bone mine

LEUKOPLAKIA - oral medicine notes

 LEUKOPLAKIA  POTENTIALLY MALIGNANT DISORDER :  R isk of malignancy being present in a lesion or condition either during the time of initial diagnosis or at future date  PRECANCEROUS LESION :  Benign morphological altered tissue in which cancer is more likely to develop than its normal counterpart : leukoplakia  Erythroplakia  Tobacco pouch keratosis  Palatal lesion in reverse smokers  PRECANCEROUS CONDITION :  Generalized state or a disease which can be associated with greater than  normal risk of cancer development  OSMF Lichen planus  Epidermolysis bullosa  LEUKOPLAKIA :  White plaque of questionable risk having excluded (other)known disease or disorder that carry no risk for cancer  PLAQUE-  Raised lesion that are greater than 1 cm in diameter ,they are essentially large papules  PAPULE:  Lesion raised above skin or mucosal surface that are smaller than  1 cm in diameter  WHO DEFINITION : Non scrapable white patch or plaque that cannot be characterized clinically or pathologically