Showing posts from August, 2020

Hypersensitivity microbiology notes

                          HYPERSENSITIVITY   hello, doctor vanakam, I hope you all are doing good, as intimated through the last post on anaerobic culture method  if u haven't checked it out do read using this link without any further ado lets get started. CONTENTS: 1)Definition 2)Classification 3)type 1 hypersensitivity reaction a)1st exposure b)2nd exposure c)mediators of reaction d)late-phase reaction 4)type 4 hypersensitivity 5)treatment  1)DEFINITION: It refers to a condition in which immune response results in excessive reaction leading to tissue damage, disease, or even death in a sensitised host. 2) CLASSIFICATION: Coomb and gel classification in 1963 into type 1 to 4  Type 1,    type 2, type 3       : They depend on the interaction of antigen with humoral antibodies They are the immediate-type reaction  type 4 : They are mediated by t lymphocyte Delayed-type of hypersensitive reaction 3)TYPE 1

Anaerobic Culture Methods - Microbiology Notes

          ANAEROBIC CULTURE METHOD  Hello, doctor vanakam,  The topic of discussion for today is anaerobic culture methods as informed in the previous post on the healing of tissues  if you haven't checked the previous post do check it out using this link without any further ado lets get started.  CONTENT :  1) INTRODUCTION  2)CLASSIFICATION OF ANAEROBE  3)METHODS TO ACHIEVE ANAEROBIOSIS 1) INTRODUCTION : Anaerobic bacteria have grown only in the absence of oxygen These conditions are called as anaerobiosis Anaerobic media are used for cultivation of anaerobic bacteria Types of anaerobes: Obligate, eg: Clostridium tetani, Aero-tolerant, eg: clostridium histolyticum Facultative  2) CLASSIFICATION OF ANEROBE:                                                             ANAEROBIC BACTERIA  BACILLI                                                                                                  COCCI GRAM POSITI